6 Steps in Organizing Process in Management

Process of Organizing

Organizing is an essential function of management which is about arranging human and non-human factors in the workplace in a that is productive and efficient. The following are the six key steps in organizing process:

Identification and Division of Work

Imagine a big cake that needs to be sliced into pieces. Similarly, in the organizing process of management, identifying and dividing work involves breaking down tasks and responsibilities into smaller, manageable parts.

This step ensures that each person knows what they need to do and how their role fits into the larger picture. It’s like assigning different sections of a puzzle to different people so that together, they can complete the whole picture.


Think of a big library where books are organized into different sections like fiction, non-fiction, and reference. Departmentalization in management is like organizing a library – grouping similar tasks and activities into departments or units.

This makes it easier to manage and coordinate work because people with similar skills and expertise are grouped. It’s like having a dedicated team for each type of task, ensuring efficiency and specialization.

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Assignment of Duty

Imagine a soccer team where each player has a specific position and role to play on the field. Similarly, in organizing, the assignment of duty involves allocating specific tasks and responsibilities to individuals or teams.

Each person knows their role and what is expected of them, just like each player on a soccer team knows their position and responsibilities during a game. This step ensures clarity and accountability, preventing confusion and overlap.

Establishing Reporting Relationships

Picture a chain of command in a military unit, where each soldier reports to a higher-ranking officer. Establishing reporting relationships in organizing is like creating a hierarchy of authority, where each person knows who they report to and who they are responsible for.

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This ensures clear communication and accountability throughout the organization, similar to how soldiers follow orders from their superiors in the military.

Delegation of Authority

Think of a relay race where each runner passes the baton to the next, trusting them to carry it forward. Delegation of authority in organizing involves assigning decision-making authority and responsibility to individuals or teams.

It’s like entrusting someone with the power to make decisions and take action on behalf of the organization. This empowers employees, promotes efficiency, and enables managers to focus on higher-level tasks.

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Coordination of Activities

The last step in organizing process is the coordination of activities. Imagine a symphony orchestra where different musicians play different instruments, but they all work together to create beautiful music. Similarly, in organizing, coordination of activities involves harmonizing the efforts of different individuals and departments to achieve common goals.

It’s like conducting an orchestra, ensuring that everyone is playing their part at the right time and in the right way. This step promotes teamwork, minimizes conflicts, and maximizes productivity by aligning activities toward shared objectives.

In summary, the organizing process involves breaking down tasks, grouping them into departments, assigning duties, establishing reporting relationships, delegating authority, and coordinating activities. It’s like organizing a big event or putting together a puzzle – it requires careful planning, clear communication, and teamwork to make sure everything comes together smoothly. By following these steps, organizations can structure themselves effectively and achieve their goals efficiently.

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