Types of Control
Mainly there are three types of control systems used in the organization. The first is concerned with before the problem occurs, the second is during the problem, and the third is after the problem occurred. Namely:
- Concurrent Control
- Post Control or Feedback Control
Pre-control is also known as feed-forward or preventive control. It is future-directed control. It allows management to prevent problems rather than solving after occur. It predicts problems that the management may face in the future and identifies the steps to be taken to resolve them. It tries to anticipate deviation in advance and allows corrective action to be taken before the problem arises.
It is a more appropriate approach to control as correction can be made before the system output is affected. In this system, inputs and processes are observed and analyzed for the purpose of adjusting them if necessary, before the output is obtained. Organizational plans such as strategies, policies, and procedures are the pre-control types.
#2 Concurrent Control
Concurrent control is also known as real-time or steering control. It is the technique of controlling the activities in the process of functioning. In this system, supervisors direct the work of subordinates so that they perform their work properly.
In the process of functioning, if any problem takes place, it is identified and analyzed and corrective measures are taken before any major damage occurs. It is a continuous process and necessary adjustments are made in activities to meet the desired standard. Types of concurrent control are quality control charts in an industry, inventory control, production control, etc.
#3 Post Control
It is also known as post-action or feedback control. It takes place after the activity is over. Management can take corrective action after analyzing deviation from the planned results. In other words, it is the process of adjusting future action on the basis of information about the past performance.
Examples of post control are financial statement analysis, standard cost analysis, employee performance evaluation, quality control, etc. Financial statement analysis helps to know about the results of past performance in terms of profitability, financial position, cash flow, etc. The post control technique provides corrective feedback which facilitates the management of taking necessary steps to improve future performance.