Carl Sagan writer of The Burden of Skepticism

The Burden of Skepticism Four Levels

American Astronomer Carl Sagan writer of The Burden of Skepticism
Carl Sagan

Four levels of The Burden of Skepticism:

Literal Comprehension

“The Burden of Skepticism” is an essay written by the American poet Carl Sagan. In this essay, the writer emphasized that we have to be skeptical to find out anything either it is right or not. The writer gives some examples, first, when we buy second-hand cars, if we have not good information about it, we have minimal skepticism. In terms of medicine, ornamented advertisements, political slogans we are hypnotized. In terms of spirit, soul, rebirth our societies believe it and we also follow it. It also gives the example of Ramtha, who was only thinking to find out petroleum and mineral resources. She believes that she met a 3500 years old man. Finally, the writer says, we must have skeptical thinking in that type of event.


This essay emphasized scientific experiments to reach fact conclusion. It also says, full skepticism is not good as well as we do not have to accept anything without any evidence. It also taught, only that thing can be accepted, which can be proved as it is right.

Critical Thinking

Although the essay presents the actual life of us humans, that we all do and believe in our lives. However, my some unsatisfied statements with this text are:

  • Is all time skepticism is possible?
  • Are all humans have ideas like scientists?
  • How can we believe that Ramtha was met a 3500 years old man?
  • Is it possible to believe that any human being can live up to 3500 years of age?


Before this text “The Burden of Skepticism”, I used to believe traditional, historical, spirit, rebirth, etc. without any evidence. But after reading this text I knew that blind beliefs, full open-mindedness are not effective. So I have decided from today to not believing in silly things without any pieces of evidence.

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