Organizational Development Techniques
Organizational development (OD) is that the process of improving organizational efficiency through planned change. Its main motive is to enhance the general operating efficiency of the organization. For organizational development, it’s essential to perform some activities or use techniques at the individual level, group level, and organizational system levels.
10 important organizational development techniques/activities are:
- Counseling and coaching
- Sensitivity training
- Survey feedback
- Formation of team
- Process consultation
- Inter-group development
- Orga izational restrucurung
- Technological changes
- Goal setting
- Quality of work-life programs
These OD techniques are also classified as individual, group, and organizational levels.
#1 Individual Level Techniques/Activities
The motive of individual activities is to enhancethe talents, ability, and efficiency of people and encourage them for the simplestof labor. The individual-level techniques of organizational development (OD) include counseling and training, sensitivity training, and survey feedback.
Counseling and Coaching
Counseling cares with making interaction with individuals to understand about their problems, difficulties, potentiality, prosperity, work and family life, etc. Such interaction facilitates understanding employees and managers, can provide proper guidance. Similarly, coaching cares with guidance, instruction, information, facilitates to employees for his or her better performance.
Sensitivity training involves a change within the behavior of group members through unstructured group interaction. In such training, interpersonal problems of the workgroup are discussed and resolved. Within the problem-solving process, all the group members have participated. They create interacting with group members and also with managers in taking decisions.
This activity involves the distribution of questionnaires to the members to understand about their perceptions, beliefs, and attitude toward organizational development. The world of the survey is often a workgroup, department, or whole organization. It facilitates checking out the discrepancy within the perception and behavior of members.
#2 Group Level Activities/Techniques
The most motive of group-level activity is to enhance group-level performance. The group-level techniques of organizational development are:
Formation of Team
Formation of teams having skilled members and assignment of employment to them is a crucial part of the group-level activity of organizational development. The team formation process involves some activities like goal setting, performance evaluation, goal clarity, and process analysis. It helps for mutual interaction among group members within the process of doing work. It increases mutual trust, openness, and cooperation among team members.
This activity cares about the task process to be completed by the group members to realize objectives. It involves consultation with outside expertise about procedures for the accomplishment of assigned jobs. The consultant identifies and suggests major processes to enhance group performance. The workgroup must perform activities in accordance with the suggestions of the consultant.
A crucial part of the group activity is to implement techniques for intergroup efficiency development. All group members got to participate in a problem-solving activity. It facilitates to vary within the attitudes, believes, and perceptions that group members have of every other.
#3 Organizational Level Activities/Techniques
Organizational-level activities emphasize a system of the whole organization. In organizational development, management needs to change the required systems of the organization to improve performance. The organizational level techniques of organizational development are:
Organizational-level activities emphasize a system of the entire organization. In organizational development, management must change the specified systems of the organization to enhance performance. The organizational level techniques of organizational development are:
Technological development is an ever-changing process. It’s concerned with the utilization of machines and methods within the production process. It’s concerned with modification in working processes like from manual to automation, robotics, and computerization. Information technology should be widely used for the assembly and distribution of products and services.
Management by objectives techniques is often used for goal setting. In MBO, managers, and subordinates close and mutually set organizational goals, prepare plans, and implement plans in practice. It emphasizes integrating both organizational and individual objectives of employees.
Quality of Work Life Programs
The most objectives of such programs are to make a positive working environment to satisfy employees. Some steps of quality work life are safe and healthy work environment, development of human potential and capabilities, equitable rewards, etc.