Levels of Management
In every organization there are 3 levels of management 1) Top-Level Management, 2) Middle-Level Management, and 3) Lower-Level Management. They all are categorized based on their strength, knowledge, capability, and authority level.
The levels of management are also referred to as management hierarchy. The top-level manager is responsible for defining the overall objectives of the organization, the middle-level manager is responsible for communicating the goals provided by the top-level manager to the lower-level manager, and lower-level managers are responsible for the day-to-day activities and implementation of plans formulated by the middle-level management.
Levels of management and management hierarchy are similar terms that mean a system with unbroken levels or status from the lowest to the highest and vice versa. For example, an authority or work goes through the top-level management to middle or lower-level management as well as through lower or middle to top-level management in a clear hierarchy.
The 3 Levels of Management are:
- Top-Level Management
- Middle-Level Management
- Lower-Level Management
Lets individually describe these management levels,
Top-level management is the highest level of the managerial hierarchy and is also known as the brain of the organization. The top-level manager directly derives his authority from the owners of the enterprise, elected from the management committee, shareholders, and board of directors.
It determines the overall organizational goals. Preparation of overall plans, policies, and strategies to achieve predetermined goals. Assembling resources (human, capital, technology, and information) and encouraging employees to wise utilization of such resources.
Examples of top-level management:
- Chief Executive Officers (CEOs)
- Managing Director
- General Manager, etc.
Some major functions of top levels of management are:
- Top-level managers define the overall objectives of the organization.
- Set up an organizational structure to complete the work in an efficient and systematic manner.
- Preparing strategic plans and policies of the organization.
- Direct, coordinate, and leads all the subordinates.
- Appoint departmental managers and guide them to do their work.
- Evaluate and review the performance of all departments and take the necessary steps to achieve organizational objectives.
- Represent the organization in the outside world, etc.
Middle-level management works as the formulation of departmental goals, plans, policies, and strategies for each department on the basis of overall goals.
This level of management consists of departmental heads like human resource managers, production managers, marketing managers, finance managers, operation managers, and other similar positions. The top-level management delegates part of its authority and responsibility to this level.
This level plays the role of mediator between the top and first-line management. Like, such as assigning duties and responsibilities to first-line managers, and recruiting and selecting suitable staff.
Some basic functions of middle-level management are:
- To play the role of mediator between top-level management and first (lower) line management.
- Implement plans and policies laid down by top-level management.
- Prepare departmental plans and strategies on the basis of guidance and information from the top level.
- Divides work among subordinates and maintain coordination among them.
- Delegate authority and responsibility to the first-line management.
- Make provisions for training, workshop, seminar, and other activities.
- Submit a progress report to the top-level management, etc.
Lower Level of Management
This level is also known as first-line or operating level management. It is directly involved in the actual operation of production, marketing, financing, accounting, etc.
Lower-level management consists of supervisors, foremen, sales officers, account officers, clerks, and other operational heads.
This management level is responsible for the implementation of plans and strategies developed by the middle-level management. It works as arranging the necessary tools, equipment, etc. for the workers.
Some basic functions of lower-level management are:
- Make day-to-day plans and implement plans formulated by middle-level management.
- Assign responsibilities and duties to the employees.
- Provides necessary instructions and guidance to the subordinates.
- Manage resources.
- Maintain a close and harmonious relationship among all the employees.
- Perform an intermediary function between middle-level management and operating-level management.
- Submit a progress report to the middle-level management.
- Operate and create a better environment for work, etc.