Sociology

caste system

What is Caste System? Definition, Origin, Features, and More

What is Caste System? The caste system has been taken as an important unit under Hindu social organization. It has been also taken as an extremely strange system, where society is stratified through segmental division of society, Where Brahmins, Chhetriyas remain at the top of the social ladder, Vaishyas at the middle, and Shudras at …

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social differentiation

What is Social Differentiation? It’s Meaning and Causes

What is Social Differentiation? Social differentiation refers to the differences in men and women, teenagers and adults, children and oldmen, master and servants, rulers and ruled, teachers and taught, rich and poor, literate and illiterate, etc. because they are not always judged as equal. The main causes of social differentiation according to Talcott Parson’s are …

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Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification

Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification

Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification The important approaches to social stratification are: Functionalist approach Conflict approach Functionalist Approach to Social Stratification: According to the functionalist approach, functional differentiation is an inevitable phenomenon. One person cannot perform all or most of the functions in society. For different functions, persons of different intent and ability are required. …

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social stratification

What is Social Stratification? Definition, Criteria, Features, and More

What is Social Stratification? The system of arranging people in society into a hierarchy (ranking), whereby, some in higher and others in lower strata (layers) is called social stratification. Those in the top stratum have more prestige, power, privilege (i.e. they get preferential treatment) than those below. In other words, the process of social division …

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an example of social control

What is Social Control? Definition, Types, Needs, and More

What is Social Control? All societies practice social control through the regulation and enforcement of rules and norms. Society, in order to exist and progress, has to exercise a certain control over its members since any marked deviation from the established ways (norms) is considered a threat to its Welfare. The main goal of social …

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a deviance behavior

What is Deviance? Definition, Types, Views, and More

What is Deviance? Deviance refers to the belief, attitude, or behaviors offensive to one’s society. Deviant behavior is both negative and positive as well. Social deviance is any attitude or act (behavior) that violates socio-cultural rules and norms that may include violation of a formally enacted law (e.g. crime) as well as violation of informally …

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prostitution

Prostitution: Definition, Impacts, Causes, and Ways To Manage it

What is Prostitution? Prostitution is the act of providing sexual services in exchange for compensation, usually money. It is a serious crime in many countries and therefore, prostitution laws are formulated to prohibit or manage it. Prostitution in Nepal is illegal. The Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act, 2064, Act Number 5 criminalizes prostitution by …

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teen pregnancy

Teen Pregnancy: Definition, Its Impacts, Causes, and Ways To Reduce it

What Teen Pregnancy? Teen or Teenage pregnancy is also known as “adolescent pregnancy” is pregnancy in a woman 19 years of age or younger. Causes: Most teen pregnancies are unintentional while some are cultural due to early marriage. However, other reasons for teen pregnancy are as follows: Cultural reasons: In some traditional societies, they have …

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pornography

What is Pornography? Its Impacts on Society, Family, and More

What is Pornography? The depiction of sexual subject matter (such as nudity, sexual act, or erotic behavior) in writing, pictures, video, etc. with the intent to cause sexual excitement is called pornography. It is also referred to as commercial sexual exploitation or porn. Social Attitude towards Pornography: Although the social attitudes towards the discussion and …

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social capital

What is Social Capital? Definition, Benefits, and More

What is Social Capital? Social capital refers to the resources such as information, ideas, leads, business reports, financial capital, power and influence, emotional support, even goodwill, trust, and cooperation available in and through personal and business network relationships. The term “social” emphasizes that these sources are not personal assets, no single person owns them. Access …

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