Sociology

social institution

Social Institution: Definition, Types, Characteristics, and Functions

What is Social Institution? A social institution is a network or organized pattern of social relationships and actions which are relatively permanent and comes into existence in order to fulfill social needs (or to satisfy basic human needs) and therefore, they can be seen as an indispensable part of the large society or community. In …

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gender

What is Gender? Definition, Gender Stratification, and More

What is Gender? Gender is defined as socially and culturally constructed accepted behaviors and relations between males and females. Behaviors and relations are structured in deeply rooted social, cultural, political, economic, and religious frameworks. Sex refers to the biological divisions between males and females. Gender refers to the parallel and socially unequal division into feminity …

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social class

Social Class: Definition, Characteristics, Views, and More

What is Social Class? A social class is a group of people of similar status, rank, or common characteristics (i.e. lifestyle) and commonly sharing similar levels of power and wealth. This group of people is identified on the basis of their relationship to the means of production (economic) who have differential access to wealth, power, …

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caste system

What is Caste System? Definition, Origin, Features, and More

What is Caste System? The caste system has been taken as an important unit under Hindu social organization. It has been also taken as an extremely strange system, where society is stratified through segmental division of society, Where Brahmins, Chhetriyas remain at the top of the social ladder, Vaishyas at the middle, and Shudras at …

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social differentiation

What is Social Differentiation? It’s Meaning and Causes

What is Social Differentiation? Social differentiation refers to the differences in men and women, teenagers and adults, children and oldmen, master and servants, rulers and ruled, teachers and taught, rich and poor, literate and illiterate, etc. because they are not always judged as equal. The main causes of social differentiation according to Talcott Parson’s are …

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Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification

Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification

Theoretical Approaches to Social Stratification The important approaches to social stratification are: Functionalist approach Conflict approach Functionalist Approach to Social Stratification: According to the functionalist approach, functional differentiation is an inevitable phenomenon. One person cannot perform all or most of the functions in society. For different functions, persons of different intent and ability are required. …

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social stratification

What is Social Stratification? Definition, Criteria, Features, and More

What is Social Stratification? The system of arranging people in society into a hierarchy (ranking), whereby, some in higher and others in lower strata (layers) is called social stratification. Those in the top stratum have more prestige, power, privilege (i.e. they get preferential treatment) than those below. In other words, the process of social division …

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an example of social control

What is Social Control? Definition, Types, Needs, and More

What is Social Control? All societies practice social control through the regulation and enforcement of rules and norms. Society, in order to exist and progress, has to exercise a certain control over its members since any marked deviation from the established ways (norms) is considered a threat to its Welfare. The main goal of social …

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a deviance behavior

What is Deviance? Definition, Types, Views, and More

What is Deviance? Deviance refers to the belief, attitude, or behaviors offensive to one’s society. Deviant behavior is both negative and positive as well. Social deviance is any attitude or act (behavior) that violates socio-cultural rules and norms that may include violation of a formally enacted law (e.g. crime) as well as violation of informally …

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prostitution

Prostitution: Definition, Impacts, Causes, and Ways To Manage it

What is Prostitution? Prostitution is the act of providing sexual services in exchange for compensation, usually money. It is a serious crime in many countries and therefore, prostitution laws are formulated to prohibit or manage it. Prostitution in Nepal is illegal. The Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act, 2064, Act Number 5 criminalizes prostitution by …

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