Psychology

General Psychology

References:

  • Shanta, N. A. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications
  • Basu, P. S. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Ashmita Publications
  • Feldman, R. S. Understanding Psychology. New Delhi. Tata McGraw Hill
  • Ciccarelli, S. K., & Mayer, C. E. Psychology. New Delhi, Pearson Education
  • Zimbardo, P. G., Johnson, R. L., & McCann, V. Psychology: Core Concepts. USA, Pearson Education
  • Passer, M. W., & Smith, R. E. Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior. New York, McGraw Hill
levels of processing model of memory

A Guide To The “Levels of Processing Model of Memory”

The Levels of Processing Theory Information is also processed from one level to another for analysis, called levels of processing developed by Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart in 1972. It involves three levels of processing of incoming information to reach long-term memory. The levels are: Perception The structural or physical outlook The meaning level of …

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transfer of learning

Transfer of Learning In Psychology: Definition and Types (Explained)

What is Transfer of Learning? In Psychology, when a skill learned in one task influences, the learning of another task we call it to transfer of learning. It is also called transfer of training. It can occur in both motor and verbal learning. Types Positive transfer Negative transfer Zero transfer Let’s understand them, Positive Transfer …

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Kohler insight learning on chimpanzee

An Easy Guide To The “Kohler’s Insight Learning Theory”

What is Insight Learning? Insight learning theory is proposed by Wolfgang Kohler. Insight learning is the sudden understanding of the relation between a problem and a solution. By learning through insight, the correct solution not only appears seemingly out of nowhere but also repeated readily of subsequent presentations of that problem. Once solved, the problem, …

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an observational learning example of children

A Guide To The Bandura’s Social/Observational Learning Theory

What is Social Learning Theory? Social learning theory is behavior learning through observing other’s behaviors or simply say watching and seeing other’s behavior. It is Albert Bandura who proposed this idea. He claimed that learning isn’t only by training and reinforcing but the behavior is often acquired without reward and punishment, say by the willingness of the person. Overview …

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reinforcement schedules planning

Schedules of Reinforcement: Definition and Types (Explained)

Schedules of Reinforcement A reinforcement schedule is a rule that specifies the timing and frequency of reinforces. The plan, pattern, or strategy for delivering the reinforcement is known as the schedule of reinforcement. It is B.F. Skinner introduced the reinforcement schedules in his operant conditioning. Schedules of reinforcement are important determinants of behavior that help …

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reinforcement to childern

Reinforcement in Operant Conditioning: Definition, 6 Types (Explained)

What is Reinforcement? Reinforcement in operant conditioning is the reward given to a subject (rat, pigeon) after the occurrence of an event, that likelihood aims to repeat the behavior. It was B.F. Skinner developed the operant conditioning theory of learning. In his classical conditioning, he trained the behavior of Rat by reward and punishment. Although …

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B.F Skinner Operant Conditioning

The B.F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Theory of Learning

What is Operant Conditioning? It is B.F. Skinner, who had proposed the operant conditioning or instrumental conditioning theory of learning. Here, the behavior is learned through punishment and reward. The negative behavior leads to punishment and the positive one leads to rewards. And, the punished behaviors are likely to be reduced and rewarded ones are …

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