Psychology

General Psychology

References:

  • Shanta, N. A. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications
  • Basu, P. S. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Ashmita Publications
  • Feldman, R. S. Understanding Psychology. New Delhi. Tata McGraw Hill
  • Ciccarelli, S. K., & Mayer, C. E. Psychology. New Delhi, Pearson Education
  • Zimbardo, P. G., Johnson, R. L., & McCann, V. Psychology: Core Concepts. USA, Pearson Education
  • Passer, M. W., & Smith, R. E. Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior. New York, McGraw Hill
self actualization

Self Actualization: 7 Characteristics of Self-Actualized People

What is Self Actualization? Abraham Maslow describes self-actualization as the people’s fullest potential. In Maslow’s need hierarchy theory, it is the top need among all five needs. Abraham Maslow is the other humanistic theorist of personality who proposed need hierarchy in his motivational theory. His need hierarchy theory ranges from physiological needs, safety needs, belonging …

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trait theory personality

Trait Theory of Personality (Allport and Cattell’s Theory)

Trait Theory (Allport and Cattell’s Theory) The trait is consistent personality characteristics and behavior displayed in a different situation. Trait theory is a model of personality that seeks to identify the basic traits necessary to describe personality. The trait theories of personality can be understood as, Allport Trait Theory There are three fundamental categories of …

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Freud's 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development

Freud’s 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development (Explained)

Psychosexual Stages Freud’s personality theory also describes psychosexual stages of development theory. He describes different stages of human development from infancy to adulthood. It is called psychosexual because each stage is described on the basis of sexual energy or libido on the several parts of the body called ‘erogenous zone’. Freud recognized five stages of …

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learned helplessness

Learned Helplessness: Meaning and Examples (Explained)

Learned Helplessness – What It Is? Learned helplessness is a state in which people conclude that unpleasant or aversive stimuli can not be controlled. While the concept is strongly tied to animal psychology and behavior, it can also apply to many situations involving human beings. The concept of learned helplessness was discovered accidentally by psychologists …

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stress

What is Stress? Meaning, Stressor, Causes, Eustress, and More

What is Stress? Stress is a general term applied to various psychologic (mental) and physiologic (bodily) pressures experienced or felt by people throughout their lives. Stress can be defined as a state of psychological and physiological imbalance resulting from the disparity between situational demand and the individual’s ability and motivation to meet those needs. It …

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theories of emotion

An Easy Guide To The “3 Major Theories of Emotion”

Theories of Emotion Emotions exercise an extremely powerful force on human behavior. Strong emotion can cause you to take actions you might not normally perform or to avoid situations you enjoy. Why exactly we do have emotions? What causes us to have these feelings? Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have proposed different theories of emotion to …

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Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

A Guide To The “Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences”

Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences American Psychologist Howard Gardner introduced his theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. It is famous for Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences. His theory suggests that there is more to being intelligent than simply being proficient in languages or being good in math or psychology. Gardner’s nine types of intelligence have …

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Fluid Intelligence Vs. Crystallized Intelligence

Cattell-Horn Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized

Fluid Intelligence Vs. Crystallized Intelligence As per Raymond Cattell and John Horn, American psychologists, there are two types of intelligence, fluid intelligence, and crystallized intelligence. Their theory holds that an individual’s overall intelligence is a result of different skills and abilities mixing and interacting together. Fluid Intelligence Fluid intelligence is described as the general ability …

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