Psychology

General Psychology

References:

  • Shanta, N. A. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Buddha Publications
  • Basu, P. S. General Psychology. Kathmandu: Ashmita Publications
  • Feldman, R. S. Understanding Psychology. New Delhi. Tata McGraw Hill
  • Ciccarelli, S. K., & Mayer, C. E. Psychology. New Delhi, Pearson Education
  • Zimbardo, P. G., Johnson, R. L., & McCann, V. Psychology: Core Concepts. USA, Pearson Education
  • Passer, M. W., & Smith, R. E. Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior. New York, McGraw Hill
self actualization

Self Actualization: 7 Characteristics of Self-Actualized People

What is Self Actualization? Abraham Maslow describes self-actualization as the people’s fullest potential. In Maslow’s need hierarchy theory, it is the top need among all five needs. Abraham Maslow is the other humanistic theorist of personality who proposed need hierarchy in his motivational theory. His need hierarchy theory ranges from physiological needs, safety needs, belonging …

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trait theory personality

Trait Theory of Personality (Allport and Cattell’s Theory)

Trait Theory of Personality The trait is consistent personality characteristics and behavior displayed in a different situation. Trait theory is a model of personality that seeks to identify the basic traits necessary to describe personality. The trait theories of personality can be understood as, Allport Trait Theory of Personality There are three fundamental categories of …

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Freud's 5 Psychosexual stages of Development

A Guide To The Freud’s 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development

Psychosexual Stages Freud’s personality theory also relates to psychosexual stages of development theory. He illustrates different stages of human development from infancy to adulthood. It is to be said psychosexual because all stages are described on the assumption of sexual energy or libido on the different parts of the body called ‘erogenous zone’. Freud recognized …

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learned helplessness

Learned Helplessness: Meaning and Examples (Explained)

Learned Helplessness – What It Is? Learned helplessness is a state in which people conclude that unpleasant or aversive stimuli can not be controlled. While the concept is strongly tied to animal psychology and behavior, it can also apply to many situations involving human beings. The concept of learned helplessness was found accidentally by psychologists …

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Coping Stress: Meaning and 7 Proven Ways To Cope with Stress

What is Coping Stress? Coping stress is the effort to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress. Coping mechanisms are ways in which external or internal stress is managed, adapted to, or acted upon. Susan Folkman and Richard Lazarus described coping as regularly changing cognitive and behavioral attempts to manage …

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stress

Stress: Definition, Causes, Eustress Vs. Distress, and Ways To Manage

What is Stress? Stress is a general term applied to various psychologic (mental) and physiologic (bodily) pressures experienced or felt by people throughout their lives. It can be also described as a state of psychological and physiological imbalance happening from the variation between situational requests and the individual’s experience and motivation to meet those requests. …

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theories of emotion

An Easy Guide To The 3 Major Theories of Emotion

Theories of Emotion Emotions exercise a particularly powerful force on human behavior. Strong emotion can cause you to require actions you would possibly not normally perform or to avoid situations you enjoy. Why exactly we do have emotions? What causes us to possess these feelings? Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have introduced different theories of emotion to elucidate how and why behind human emotions. Here we …

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Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

A Guide To The Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences American Psychologist Howard Gardner introduced his theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. It is famous for Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences. His theory suggests that there is more to being intelligent than simply being proficient in languages or being good in math or psychology. Gardner’s nine types of intelligence have …

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Fluid Intelligence Vs. Crystallized Intelligence

Fluid Intelligence Vs. Crystallized Intelligence (Explained)

Fluid Intelligence Vs. Crystallized Intelligence As per Raymond Cattell and John Horn, American psychologists, there are two types of intelligence, fluid intelligence, and crystallized intelligence. Their theory holds that an individual’s overall intelligence is a result of different skills and abilities mixing and interacting together. Fluid Intelligence Fluid intelligence is described as the general ability …

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